Dragon fruit or pitaya or pitahaya
Dragon fruit taste is delicious, and tastes like a mix Plum and Kiwi, a combination of sweet, fresh sour. Unique characteristics of the dragon fruit is what makes the most suitable ingredients used in fruit salad. This exotic fruit could be consumed as dragon fruit juice, dragon fruit salad, pudding, pies, fruit ices, ice cream, and could be used to make dragon fruit soup.
Dragon fruit shape resembles a pineapple, but the color is red with yellowish green scales and a sweet taste. Dragon fruit a favorite to many, particularly people of Asian origin. It has a light sweet taste, an intense shape and color, and outstanding flowers. In addition to being tasty and refreshing, this contains a lot of water and other vital minerals with varied nutritional ingredients.
As quoted from Wikipedia, What is Dragon fruit? Dragon fruit is the fruit of several cactus species of the genera Hylocereus and Selenicereus. The fruit is native to Mexico, Central America and South America but is now also cultivated in Asian countries like Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. It also can be found in Okinawa, Israel, northern Australia and southern China. Hylocereus blooms only at night. Some people call this fruit as the “Gods Fruit”.
In 1870 this plant was taken from the French Guyana to Vietnam as an ornamental plant. By the Vietnamese and the Chinese fruit are considered a blessing. Therefore, the fruit is always placed between two small green dragon statues on the altar table. Red fruit color stand out among the green dragons. This is the fruit of a habit among the people of Vietnam are heavily influenced Chinese culture known as Thang Loy (dragon fruit). Thang Loy term then translated in Europe and other countries who speak English as a dragon fruit.
Divisi : Spermatophyta (seed plants)
Subdivisi : Agiospermae (seeds enclosed)
Kelas : Dicotyledonae (dashed two)
Ordo : Cactales
Famil : Cactaceae
Subfamily : Hylocereanea
Genus : Hylocereus
These include fruit Hylocereus genus consisting of several species. Species of dragon fruit:
- Hylocereus undatus (white)
- Hylocereus polyrhizus (red)
- Hylocereus costaricensis (super red)
- Selenicereus megalanthus (yellow skin, white flesh, with no scalek)
What is Dragon fruit/Pitaya?
Shape unique, beautiful scaly, resembling a dragon’s body makes a lot of people who are interested in and curious about this fruit. This was pretty flaky fruit have a variety of health benefits.
Gragon fruit, the famous newcomer fruit, an increasingly popular and can be used as an alternative fruits. Exotic appearance with a striking pink color, and taste the sweet and sour and refreshing growing amount fans.
The legend from mouth to mouth the fruit traders in Asia. According to legend, the dragon fruit was created thousands of years ago from the fire of the dragon’s breath.
At one time the soldiers to fight with a dragon of fire, the flames from mouth issued a refractive. After a long fight was last breath of the dragon’s flame produces fruits. The name is Dragon Fruit.
After the dragon was killed, fruits were collected and presented to the king’s tribute show for victory against the dragon. The soldiers then cut the fruit, and the king ate it. When it is believed that if eating dragon fruit, will grow so powerful and ferocious as the trusted guardian of the emperor.
As Told in that legend, the fire of the dragon comes from the body near the tail. The fruit flesh of dragon fruit of this part is the best, highly preferred and people would like to add more. Only officials and executives who allow to cut the fruit flesh of dragon fruit. According to the saga of china, pieces of dragon fruit – fruit flesh are called “Jaina”, defined as “the sweetest and most delicious flavor.” Jaina highly fought over as “treasure” by people who want to taste it, and believed that due to the greed of the men would Jaina is what causes dragon to disappear from the earth.
What is dragon fruit and why is called dragon fruit?
Dragon fruit has another name “Hylocereus undatus” produced by a type of cactus plant with stems that grow creeping vine. The stem is green with a triangular shape, like a dragon’s body. The flowers are large, white, smell, also bloom at night. After wilting flowers will form fruit will be hanging on each stem. Will be fruit is then a dragon fruit.
Talking about the dragons is also not spared from the culture of china. When Chinese New Year celebration. Indeed, some have put it at between 2 green dragon tail statue above the altar table. They assume, dragon fruit could to bring blessings.
Dragon fruit known as Dragon Fruit or Dragon Pearl Fruit. Its scientific name is Hylocereus undatus, or its synonym “cereus triangularis”.
In fact, every country has different names for dragon fruit or pitaya.
• Feuy Long Kwa, huǒ lóng guǒ (China), Long guo (Mandarin)
• Thanh Long or Clever Dragon (Vietnam)
• Kaew Mangkorn, แก้วมังกร (kaeo mangkon) (Thailand)
• Shien Mie Kuo (Taiwan)
• Melano (Hawaii)
• Rhino Fruit (Australia)
• Buah Naga, Kaktus Manis, Kaktus Madu (Indonesia)
• Kaktus Madu (Malaysia)
• Red Pitaya, Red Pitahaya, Night Blooming cereus, Strawberry Pear, DragonFruit, Belle of the Night, Cinderella Plant, Cactus Fruit (UK)
• Cierge-lezard, poire de chardon (France)
• Distelbirne, echte Etachelbirne, drachenfruch (German)
• Pa-nani-o-ka (Hawaii)
• Cato-barse, cardo-ananaz (Portuguese)
• Pitahaya roja (Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela), flor de caliz, pitajava (Puerto Rico, junco, junco tapatio, pitahaya orejona, reina de la noche, tasajo (Mexico)
• Pitahaya (Mexico)
• Skogskaktus, röd pitahaya (Sweden)
• Mark mang gohn (Laos)
• Pitahaya roja (Spanish)
• Yello Pitaya,Red Pitaya, Red Pitahaya, Dragonfruit, Night blooming Cereus, Strawberry Pear, Belle of the Night, Conderella Plant (other names)
• Internationally the fruit called Dragon Fruit.
Dragon fruit weighs approximately 400 grams to one kilogram. Fill in the white dragon fruit, red, or purple with a sprinkling of seeds that are black are allowed to eat. You do not have to bother to get rid of the black dragon fruit seeds because these seeds can be eaten and digested by the body without the health such as basil seeds.
The black spots in the dragon fruit that resemble sesame seeds are very exotic on the tongue. Process it into special salads for tea time with family also delicious.
The dragon fruit seeds do not cause an increase in blood sugar levels despite cholesterol-containing protein and fat in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids that are not processed, such as omega 3 fatty acids which are beneficial to the body, so that is not as harmful as saturated fatty acids in canned foods, or processed (while the fruit flesh is not).
Moreover it is impossible to get rid of dragon fruit seeds such as beans discard pears, apples or other fruit in the hope that the fruit is free of fat and protein.